Class 11 English Notes Chapter 8 for Punjab and Rawalpindi board, MCQs, True / False, Match the Columns, Grammar, Questions Answers, and 1st Year FSc Part-1 notes.
Class 11 Eglish Notes Chapter 8
i. What was the advice given by Nushirvan to his people?
Nushrivan advised people to be just. He told them that cruelty was not deeply rooted in the society beginning but was at a small scale in the beginning but it increased and became a custom as a result of the injustice and cruelty of the rulers.
ii. What was the remedy suggested by the physicians for the disease of the king?
The physicians prescribed the bile of a person endued with certain qualities as the only remedy for the disease of the king. Orders were issued to find such a person who was physically fit.
iii. Why did the boy look to the sky and smile?
The boy looked to the sky and smiled because he felt helpless. He sought justice from the Almighty Allah against the brutality of the king and materialism of his parents.
iv. What should be the role of a Qazi?
Qazi should do justice and must have considerable knowledge and understanding of moral and social laws. He should not give undue favor to any person and should not pass any decree that takes the life of an innocent person.
v. Why did the king weep?
The king wept after listening to the boy’s words as they exposed his true self and the miserable condition of the boy melted his heart. He could not contain himself and felt ashamed when he reflected on his own decision that he was about to take the life of an innocent boy.
vi. How did the king recover?
The king recovered within a week after releasing the boy because he realized his mistake and did not have him executed. Allah Almighty rewarded him for his repentance of the unjust decision made by him previously.
Q 4. Answer the following questions in 50–100 words.
i. Write a note on the character of Nushirvan.
Nushrivan was the king of Persia who was famous for his justice, equality and honest treatment with his subjects. He was of the view that so much cruelty and oppression did not prevail in the world initially but over time its intensity increased because of the authoritative people who did not practice justice and made use of their power.
According to him, if a king eats one apple from the garden of any of his subjects without paying him, his slaves will pull down the whole tree. In this way, he would be responsible for propagating the custom of making use of force and ignoring the due right of the subjects. In order to discourage this practice, he set up an example in front of his people by paying for the salt that he got from one of the villagers.
ii. What should be the role of a king?
The king should be an honest, wise and just person because the responsibility of an entire state rests upon his shoulders. He should be selfless and should not make use of his power in order to achieve his agenda. Moreover, his decisions should be impartial and they should reflect his wisdom and honesty towards his subjects. He should treat the people with equality, provide equal chances for progress and abstain from oppression and dictatorship allowing the people to live freely. His honesty should rest with the state affairs and he should make efforts to work towards the peace and prosperity of the state.
iii. Can an unjust king flourish?
An unjust king can never flourish as his injustice would give rise to rebellion and unrest in the society. He can never win the hearts of his subjects. His dishonesty will lead to outrage amongst people against his reign and he will lose his supporters with time and his government will become weak. His country can never make progress and his injustice eventually gives rise to a revolution among the people which will end his tenure. In short, the prosperity of the people depends upon the honesty of the king to a great extent.
iv. What moral lesson do you get from the second tale?
The second tale of “The Gulistan of Saadi” by Sheikh Sa’di revolves around the idea how the morals and virtues of a king can influence his people. In this parable, the king of Persia, Nushrivan who was famous for his justice, equality and honest treatment with his subjects sets an example of justice and equality in front of his people by paying for the salt that he gets from one of his people. He believed that if he does not pay his subjects, he would be responsible for propagating the custom of making use of force and ignoring the due right of the subjects.
v. Compare and contrast the three tales.
All the three tales revolve around the common theme that the morals and virtues of the kings affect their people a lot so the prosperity of the people is dependent upon the virtues of the king. The more unjust the king is, the more troubled his country will be.
The first tale is about a Persian slave who does not understand the value of safety until he is exposed to the fear of death, the second about Nurshivan, the king of Persia, who believed in justice and equality whereas the third parable is about a king who exploits his subjects and is ready to sacrifice the life of an innocent boy in order to cure his own disease and realizes his mistake later.
vi. Describe an event in which the trouble of one person affects the others.
In our everyday lives, we come across many events where the trouble of one person affects the others. For example, my uncle’s Information Technology company’s sales declined last year due to his absence as he had gone abroad for the treatment of his heart ailment while he handed over the business matters to his only son.
His lack of interest in the business matters affected the company’s reputation and sales as a result of which the company had to bear the severe financial loss and eventually went bankrupt. Due to the company’s financial crisis, the wages of the employees got delayed and the poor labor had to face a very hard time. In this way, the carelessness of a single person brought trouble to his family and workers,.
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